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James Morrison, 1893–1947

Jamesmorrisonband
Back row: James Morrison, fiddle ; George Gates ; Tommy Moran, fiddle. Front row: Denis Casey, melodeon ; Richard Curran, banjo ; George Larner, melodeon / Metropolitan Studio, Brooklyn, New York. New York, ca 1930. Image courtesy Marion Casey, Archives of Irish America, New York University.

James Morrison was born on 3 May 1893 in Drumfin, a townland in the parish of Kilmorgan on the “tar road to Sligo” (now the N4) not far from the town of Riverstown, County Sligo. He was the second eldest of eleven children of Pat and Margaret (née Dolan) Morrison. His uncle Charlie Dolan was a dancing master whose home, a resort for local musicians and dancers, was where a young Jim Morrison took step dancing lessons and acquainted himself with the local music tradition. It was also where he first met his great contemporary, Michael Coleman, another dance student of Charlie Dolan.

For more information on the James Morrison see below.

Now playing: Farewell to Ireland, reel ; Miss Monaghan, reel / James Morrison, fiddle & band?
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  1. Farewell to Ireland, reel ; Miss Monaghan, reel / James Morrison, fiddle & band?

    Farewell to Ireland, reel ; Miss Monaghan, reel / James Morrison, fiddle & band?

  2. Kitty's wedding, reel ; The rambler, reel / James Morrison, fiddle ; Jack Eldridge, piano

    Kitty's wedding, reel ; The rambler, reel / James Morrison, fiddle ; Jack Eldridge, piano

  3. If we hadn't any women in the world, barndance / James Morrison, fiddle ; Charles Wilkens, banjo ; unidentified, piano

    If we hadn't any women in the world, barndance / James Morrison, fiddle ; Charles Wilkens, banjo ; unidentified, piano

  4. Adieu To Innisfail, waltz ; Believe me of all those endearing young charms, waltz  / James Morrison [Instrumental quartet]

    Adieu To Innisfail, waltz ; Believe me of all those endearing young charms, waltz  / James Morrison [Instrumental quartet]

  5. The farmer's daughter, polka ; Little brown jug, polka ; The girl I left behind me, polka / James Morrison and his Orchestra

    The farmer's daughter, polka ; Little brown jug, polka ; The girl I left behind me, polka / James Morrison and his Orchestra

  6. The Irish girl, reel ; The musical priest, reel ; Lord Wellington, reel / James Morrison, fiddle ; unidentified, piano

    The Irish girl, reel ; The musical priest, reel ; Lord Wellington, reel / James Morrison, fiddle ; unidentified, piano

James Morrison's music students / Catherine Traynor Gregory
James Morrison's music students / Catherine Traynor Gregory
James Morrison, fiddle, with some of his music students. Maureen Traynor Regan is directly behind James Morrison. / Catherine Traynor Gregory. New York, 1945. Image courtesy Marion Casey, Archives of Irish America, New York University
 
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James Morrison's music students / Catherine Traynor Gregory

James Morrison's music students / Catherine Traynor Gregory

James Morrison's music students / Catherine Traynor Gregory

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James Morrison,  78rpm label
James Morrison, 78rpm label
James Morrison, 78rpm label / Regal Zonophone. New York, 21 January 1935
 
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James Morrison, 78rpm label

James Morrison,  78rpm label

James Morrison, 78rpm label

© Public domain

James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer
James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer
James Morrison ; Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer. New York, 1930s - 1940s. Image courtesy Richard Nevins
 
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James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer

James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer

James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer

© Public domain

James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer
James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer
Middle: Jackie Roche ; Right: James Morrison / Unidentified photographer. New York, 1930s - 1940s. Image courtesy Richard Nevins
 
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James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer

James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer

James Morrison and Jackie Roche / Unidentified photographer

© Public domain

Jackie Roche, fiddle ; James Morrison, fiddle ; Paddy Sweeney, fiddle / Unidentified photographer
Jackie Roche, fiddle ; James Morrison, fiddle ; Paddy Sweeney, fiddle / Unidentified photographer
 
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Jackie Roche, fiddle ; James Morrison, fiddle ; Paddy Sweeney, fiddle / Unidentified photographer

Jackie Roche, fiddle ; James Morrison, fiddle ; Paddy Sweeney, fiddle / Unidentified photographer

Jackie Roche, fiddle ; James Morrison, fiddle ; Paddy Sweeney, fiddle / Unidentified photographer

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Morrison’s first instrument was his brother Tom’s flute, but he was given a fiddle of his own at age thirteen. There was a wealth of talented local fiddle and flute players to learn from, including fiddler Tom Johnston from Drumfin Cross and the travelling piper Johnny Gorman, a frequent visitor.

Leaving school at fifteen, Morrison worked as a farm labourer and also as a dancing master, a fiddler for dances and an Irish language instructor for the Gaelic League. On one of his many visits to the Corhober home of fiddler John Joe Gardiner and his sister Kathleen, he met his future wife, Teresa Flynn. Morrison was an enthusiastic competitor at fiddle competitions. In a 1933 ad for his music teaching in New York, he would later boast that he was “the only musician in New York to win first prize at Sligo Feis Ceoil, a competition open to Ireland ; first prize at Connacht Feis, also a competition open to Ireland ; first prize at County Sligo Championship five years in succession ; first prize at County Mayo Championship and a prize at the recent New York Feis, open to all comers.” The ten shillings he won in the fiddle competition at the Sligo Feis Ceoil in 1915 helped fund his passage later that year to Boston, Massachusetts.

Boston was the destination because five of Jim’s siblings were already there. He lodged with his sister Margaret in Peabody, briefly worked at a shoe factory, and played in a dance band with his brothers Tom and John. When Teresa Flynn moved to New York in 1918, Morrison followed her there, rooming in Brooklyn with uilleann piper Michael Carney before marrying Teresa in April, 1919. They would have six children together but separated permanently in the mid-1930s.

Once in New York, Morrison immediately immersed himself in the lively Irish traditional music world of the city. He settled at 357 West 58th Street near Columbus Circle and introduced himself to the community by winning the fiddle competition at the 1919 New York feis. He formed his own small dance band and began making 78 rpm discs in 1921, eventually releasing over 80 sides as a soloist, in duets with pipers Michael Carney and Tom Ennis, melodeon player P.J. Conlon and flute player John McKenna, and as the leader of his own dance band. In 1925 he had his own shop, “Morrison’s Music House,” at 195 St. Nicholas Avenue in Harlem and for a few years staged an annual “Morrison Music Association” reception and dance.

The Great Depression that followed the 1929 Wall Street crash put an end to many musical careers, but Morrison soldiered on. He continued to perform weekly on radio and in dance halls. In December 1934 he took over the former Roscommon Ballroom at 438 W. 125th Street, got a liquor license, renamed it “Celtic Hall” and played with his own orchestra every Thursday, Saturday and Sunday. Unfortunately, the business did not prosper, and he had to relinquish control to partners who renamed the place the Ballina Ballroom in April of 1935. The following year he made his final commercial recordings with a quartet that included Kerry button accordionist Tom Carmody.

In his last years Morrison focused on teaching music. A 1933 notice for the “Morrison Music School” in the Mott Haven in the south Bronx advertised lessons for violin, piano, tenor banjo, mandolin, and accordion (“Now teaching 100 Pupils per Week / Your Expert Instructor / High Class Musical Instruments For Sale“). “Professor James Morrison” was chosen by the Globe melodeon company to author a tutor for that instrument.

Among Morrison’s prize students were fiddlers Joey Flynn, whom contemporaries regarded as virtuosic, and Jackie Roche, who was likely the second fiddler on some late Morrison duet sides and went on to a career as a recording artist and band leader in his own right. One of Morrison’s last surviving students, fiddler Veronica McNamara Gebert, related that Morrison would teach her one-on-one using a tenor banjo to play the melody. Late in life, Veronica collaborated with harpist Iris Nevins to issue a book of hand-written tunes (including bowings) given by Morrison to his students.

James Morrison died on 11 November 1947 and is interred, like many of his great musical contemporaries, in St. Raymond’s Cemetery in the Bronx.

Maud Millar / transcribed by James Morrison
Maud Millar / transcribed by James Morrison
One page with the reel "Maud Millar" from music books in possession of Marion Flynn, who with her brother Joey was a student of James Morrison. Marion lent the books to Iris Nevins and Veronica McNamara to reproduce in their book "'The Professor, James Morrison' His Original Handwritten Music Manuscripts for Irish Fiddle, Presented by His Former Student Veronica McNamara." Privately published 2008 by McNamara and Nevins. / James Morrison. New York, 1930s–1940s. Image courtesy Iris Nevins
 
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Maud Millar / transcribed by James Morrison

Maud Millar / transcribed by James Morrison

Maud Millar / transcribed by James Morrison

© Iris Nevins